Yalkut Shimoni, Isaiah, chapter 57, remez 490:
«[The Biblical Book of] Isaiah [chapter 57, verse 20] taught:
FOR THE WICKED ARE LIKE
THE TURBULENT SEA;
[FOR IT CANNOT REST, AND ITS WATERS CAST UP MUD AND DIRT.]
The first wave [in the sea] says:
I will ascend and flood the entire world; but when he arrives at the sand, he bows before it. But the second wave does not learn from the first.
Similarly, Pharaoh arose like a wave against Israel, but the Holy One Blessed Be He threw him down.
And similarly Amalek, and similarly
Sichon and Og, and similarly Bilaam and Balak; none of them learned from [the mistake of] the
Thus you find that all who cause Israel to worry, they [the aggressors] fall before them [Israel]:
Nimrod fell before Abraham;
and Abimelech [fell before] Isaac; and Esau [fell before] Jacob;
Pharaoh and the Egyptians
[fell before] Israel;
Amalek and Sichon and
Og and the 31 Kings [of the land of Canaan] [fell before] Moshe and Joshua;
[fell before] [King] Hezekiah;
Haman [fell before] Mordechai;
and in the future Gog
and Magog [will fall before] Israel…»
Yalkut Shimoni was compiled by
Rabbi Shimon HaDarshan of Frankfort (Germany) in the 13th century of the Common Era.
One manuscript refers to him as chief of the preachers [Rosh HaDarshanim] of Frankfort.
The earliest known edition of Yalkut Shimoni is dated 1308 CE in the Bodlian Library (the
main research library of the University of Oxford in England), according to one of the appendices at the end of Love Your Neighbor
by Rabbi Zelig Pliskin.