Not when we say that Hashem created the Universe Ex Nihilo
In terms of Our Time, yes there was never a Time without a Universe because their creation was co-incidental. EG the Arizal reportedly rejects asking "What took place 5 Minutes before the Creation?". There really is no such thing.
So as long as we can measure time there has been a universe. Before that? - only Hashem can describe it.
«"[T]he concept of time has no meaning before the beginning of the universe. This was first pointed out by St. Augustine. When asked: What did God do before he created the universe? Augustine didn't reply: He was preparing Hell for people who asked such questions." (From A Brief History of Time )»
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