I have posted this previously on the web In the meantime I will present it again briefly using my taciturn New English terseness. :-)
Hanukkah was a "discontinuous" function. It originally was an "Independence Day" - namely from its inception until the Hurban.
It then went "Kaput" * for several generations following the Hurban.
Subsequently It was revived and resuscitated sometime later on during the era of the Talmud.
• Maccabees I + II
• Al Hanissim
• The Braitto of Beth Shammai and Beth Hillel
•. The Dedication of the Mizbei'ach
• Political Independence
•. The Mishnah
• TB Shabbat
• THe Scholion to Megillat Taanit
• The Miracle of the Oil
* Note that during the "interuption" Hanukkah was likely to have been practiced as a "Minhag